Factors Influencing the Implementation of Energy Conservation Programs in Selected Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi County, Kenya
Kilonzo, Anthony M.
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The very first input in the development of any nation economically, politically and socially is energy. For the environment to remain safe and protected, energy should highly be guarded and be used carefully. Energy helps to promote very essential economic activities like transport sector, commercial sector, agriculture among others. Energy is a fundamental factor that any country must adhere to coming up with an economic blueprint. The sector of energy is made up of renewable energy, geothermal power, biogas, solar among others. The main goal of the project is to determine the full implementation of methods of conserving energy in the county of Nairobi that is located in Kenya. The major goals included: establishment of human as a factor of production to help in the implementation of the programs concerning energy implementation in the firms that specialises in the manufacturing of products in the county of Nairobi, to determine the factors within the technological outfit that affects the implementation of programs of energy conservation in the Nairobi’s manufacturing industry. Fifty-five manufacturing companies were selected for the research work within the county of Nairobi. The company under study are registered with Kenya Association of Manufacturers. The size of the sample was placed at twenty-eight which represent approximately fifty percent of all manufacturing companies in the research work. This is made up of the human resource managers, the operations managers and technicians from all over the companies. Therefore, a total of sixty-six respondents emanating from twenty-two companies which filled the questionnaires. Research paper adopted the design of sampling that is purposive.to sample manufacturing company from the total population. The first piloting by issuing the administration of the questionnaires of approximately ten percent of the total size of sample. The collection of data was done using questionnaires by making use of both closed and open-ended questions. The descriptive type of statistics was applied with the use of SPSS version 22. The model of regression was applied to determine the existing relationship between the variables of research. The presentation was done using tabled frequencies. The research work revealed that organisational factors, human factors, technological factors as well as the environmental factors have a great impact on the conservation of the energy. The scholarly made a recommendation on the continued implementation of the efficiency measures by the manufacturing companies to enable it gain the cost of saving.
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