Prevalence of bovine and avian tuberculosis in camel herds and associated public health risk factors in Isiolo County, Kenya
MetadataShow full item record
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 308 lactating camels selected from 15 herds from three different camel milk clusters in Isiolo County, Kenya, to determine prevalence of bovine and avian tuberculosis using Single Comparative Intradermal Tuberculin Skin test. Seventy-five (75) questionnaires were administered to pastoralists/herders, and focus group discussions were conducted among 3-5 pastoralists/herders selected from each camel herd to collect information on camel husbandry and health management practices and knowledge on tuberculosis in livestock and wildlife. An overall prevalence of bovine and avian reactors was 3.57 and 18.18%, respectively, with bovine and avian reactors for different clusters being 2.38, 3.82, and 4.48% and 25, 17.2, and 11.94%, respectively. There was significant difference (p < 0.05) in prevalence of bovine and avian reactors between different clusters. There was a negative correction (r = -0.1399) between herd size and bovine reactors, while there was a positive correlation (r = 0.0445) between herd size and avian reactors. The respondents indicated that camel herds are exposed to several risk factors like close contact with other herds or livestock or wildlife during grazing and at watering points. Pastoralists have poor knowledge on mode of infection and transmission of bovine or avian tuberculosis. The high prevalence of bovine and avian reactors and pastoralists' poor knowledge on mode of transmission signify potential risk to public health.
University of Nairobi
SubjectAtypical mycobacteria; Avian tuberculosis; Bovine tuberculosis; Mycobacterium avium; Mycobacterium bovis; Risk factors; Zoonosis
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
The following license files are associated with this item: