Voluntary repatriation and resettlement of refugees in Kenya
Murithi, Margaret M
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The global refugee problem requires an analysis of the size of the problem from the various dimensions and linkages that refugee issues exhibit nationally, regionally and internationally. Such an analysis allows understanding of the policy stands that the countries of asylum take. As the refugee burden continue to bite harder on the countries of asylum, a question on the search for solutions to the problem remains of paramount importance. The research problem mainly focused on investigating the refugee situation in Kenya examining Kenya's structure and strategies in the management of refugee affairs. The study looks deeper into the various linkages that the refugee situation presents in its management nationally and regionally. The study also attempts to inquire into the legal and political dynamics of voluntary repatriation and resettlement of refugees as viable solutions to the refugee problem. The study claims that the refugee situation in Kenya is protracted and in a crisis due to the ever diminishing support for situations such as these as donors focus on new refugee crisis and cases of mass repatriation. According to the study, the crisis is further complicated by the reduced prospects for refugees to return to their countries of nationality due to prolonged political conflicts delaying conditions safe for voluntary repatriation. Additionally, the study found out that rigid resettlement allocations and restrictive eligibility criteria shrink the chances of lightening the refugee burden bore by the asylum countries. While all this is happening, possibilities of severed bilateral relations among refugees and their host communities continue to pose danger of possible conflicts. The impact of refugees on both state and human security is evident and there is need for sustainable solutions if international peace is to be guaranteed.