Internally displaced persons of Gulu: Potential for self-sustainability
This study assessed the potential for self-sustainability among the internally displaced people in Gulu district, Northern Uganda. The objectives of the study included: examining the nature of networking that exists among the IDPs, identifying gender relations involved in building potential for self-sustainability, assessing the impact of relief assistance on the IDPs, and finally assessing the possibility for resettlement and reintegration into sustainable communities. Literature reviewed included: Uganda's political overview, traditional social structure of the Acholi, reasons for displacement into the camps, nature of social networks existing among IDPs, gender relations among IDPs, impact of relief on IDPs and finally possibility for resettlement. The theoretical framework used for the study included: Social network theory, symbolic interaction theory and the Dependency theory. Two IDP camps commonly referred to, as "protected villages": Unyama and Pabbo were selected sites for the study in Gulu district. It was a purely qualitative study. The primary data was collected through formal and informal interviews, Observation and later on supplemented with secondary data obtained from different literature sources. It was found out that the potential for self-sustainability among IDPs, was almost nonexistent. People have very big problems that include that lack of basic necessities like; land, food, housing, lack of access to income, poor health, insecurity and too much alcoholism. Majority of the people cannot afford fulfilling their basic needs. As a result of this appalling situation, the traditional network relations have totally broken down and those that exist are very weak. The drunkards, prostitutes and a few networks based on patronage exist but are also really weak. On gender relations as potential for selfsustainability, we learnt that women have become the beasts of burden and are responsible for the provision of household necessities. Many are now household heads. Relief assistance has greatly tried to assist the IDPs on food and other necessities but it is very unfortunate that it has created a generation of dependants. The IDPs are very willing to return to sustainable communities but are very afraid of the insecurity in the region. It has been recommended that government must immediately consider providing extra security to the IDPs, aggressively work on restoring total peace in the region, and provide adequate financial allocation to the region for provision of social services. Humanitarian agencies should support initiation of activities that promote continuous interaction among IDPs so that constructive networks can developed, and intensify advocacy activities against camps and the magnitude of moral decadence among IDPs. The donors should provide more funds to protection of IDPs and delivery of basic social necessities in the areas of health, schools, among others. Finally, the study concluded that the overall scarcity of basic resources and services in the camps can not create any potential for self-sustainability among the IDPs, thus all the stakeholders must join hands to restore peace for the people of Northern Uganda. This will enable the displaced population to freely return to their original homes and resume their normal roles in the households, community and country as a whole.
CitationM.A (Rural Sociology and Community Dev.) Thesis 2004
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-description-sponsorshipUniversity of Nairobi
Faculty of Arts, University of Nairobi
Master of Arts Thesis