The Problem of Drought in Kitui District, Kenya: "Contributions of the Catholic Development Unit In Response to the Recurrent Food and Water Shortages"
The study attempted to unveil the major problems particularly food and water shortages experienced in Kitui District and provide details of what an aid agency, the Catholic Development Unit has been doing to meet these two basic needs. The study is based mainly on the proposition that food and water are the greatest social problems facing households in Kitui District but contributions of the Catholic Development Unit have led to improvements in the living conditions. Theoretically, the study assumes that the Catholic Development unit adopts the Basic Needs Approach in its fight against food and water shortage. The Modernisation Theory has also been a guide, to this study in visualizing the development unit as an external aid agency committed to instilling positive change in a disadvantaged locality. A sample of 180 households was the main source of data for the study. six key informants also enriched the findings. The main tool of data collection was the intervew schedule or a directly administered questionnaire. other methods used included unstructured interviews, secondary data and direct oobservation. Measures of central tendency and dispersion, together with percentages were used in the presentation and analysis of the findings. The study found out that food shortage and water scarcity significantly affected 43.3% and 43.9% of the sample respectively. The Catholic Development unit was found to have been meeting household I s food needs through relief food, food for work, maternal and child health programme (MCR), planting seeds , giving subsidized farm implements as well as educating people on the need to adopt various strategies to minimize the frequency of food deficits. The agency has also assisted households to gain accessibility to water supply through initiation of protected water wells, sub-surface dams, earthdams, rock catchments, treating springs and also helps individuals to acquire subsidized roof catchment water tanks. The study found utilization of projects tends to follow religious affiliation lines and levels of income. Development Education for self-sufficiency in food and water supply was found to be a key priority of the households covered. It has been concluded that even though the Catholic Development unit has played a crucial role in meeting Kitui residents' key basic needs, the projects have been more of a curative nature than preventive. It is recommended that water projects of a larger scale be considered to extend the services of water from drinking to the farm as well. Awareness-raising campaigns should be intensified to conscientize households on how they can meet food and water needs more independently. It has been recommended that water projects of a larger scale should be considered to extend the services of water from drinking to the farm as well. Awareness raising campaigns should be intensified to conscientize households on how they can meet food and water needs more independently.
CitationMasters thesis University of Nairobi 1993
University of NairobiDepartment of Sociology
Master of Arts in sociology; University of Nairobi.