A survey of human capital practices among the sugar companies in Kenya
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The purpose of this study was to determine human capital management practices among the sugar companies in Kenya and the challenges that the sugar companies face while implementing these human capital practices. The population of this study consisted of all the human resource managers and the employees in the human resource departments of the seven sugar factories currently operating in Kenya. The sample used consisted of all the human resources managers and five employees from each of the human resources departments in the sugar companies. The data was collected using a structured survey questionnaire that was personally administered by the researcher to the human resources managers and other personnel in the human resources departments of each of the sugar companies. The response rate was 80%. Out of the seven operational sugar companies, only five responded to the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, mean, standard deviation, and percentages were used to analyze the data The data was then presented in tabular form and narratives. Results indicate that 40.6% of the sugar companies practice human capital management to a large extent, 12.5% are moderate in their practices and 46.9% do not practice human capital management. However, majority of the companies have implemented practices such as having training and development that are based on improving the performance of the employees and training and developing employees who perform well and those employees who are in core positions. This is important as it enables the companies to manage their employees better by looking at the value that each individual employee adds to the organization for competitive advantage. Having training and development opportunities for employees that perform well and those in core positions adds value to the organizations and motivates the employees in those positions to work towards achieving the organizations objectives. The research findings also indicated that the sugar companies hardly engaged in practices like having different salaries for employees in similar positions, temporary wage freezes, golden handshakes and in-house job matching for retrenched employees and offering individual choices in the employee benefit systems among others. This is likely to impact negatively on productivity. In a competitive world, organizations strive to keep the best employees who are committed and engaged in their jobs. Without offering the interests of the employees at work, the companies could compromise the performance of their employees and their competitive advantage.
CitationMasters in Business Administration, University of Nairobi (2005)
University of NairobiFaculty of Commerce