State and agriculture in Kenya: the case of sugar industry
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The central purpose of this study was to unearth the economic, political and policy factors that impinge on the performance of the sugar industry. A study of the political economy of sugar industry is important because the industry has a vital role to play in the growth and development of the Kenyan economy. Moreover there has been little empirical research on socio-economic and political factors as they impact on the sugar industry in Kenya. The data that informs this study was largely based on secodary sources and complemented with primary data. The principal findings of this study included inter alia, deterioration of factory management and factory inefficiencies as reflected in low capacity utilization which leads to low sugar production; inadequate provision of incentives to cane growers; trade liberalization policy which has exposed local sugar to stiff competition from imported sugar and, inconsistent and selective application of tax laws with regard to import duties occasioned by vested interests and the importance of farmers' organization especially in advancing farmers interests in sugar industry. These problems have been a powerful disincentive effect producing a pandemic pattern of agricultural stagnation of the sugar industry. Consequently, the study recommends that the state has to reduce its role in the sugar industry and only to undertake facilitative function in the tt'J development of sugar industry through appropriate lrtstitutions and coherent policies. Some of the more important among these includes the establishment of a law that will accord the Kenya Sugar Authority more powers in managing and directing the ~:velopment of the sugar industry; improvements in management of sugar factories to make full use of their capacities; provisionof adequate incentives to cane farmers and strengthening of sugar farmers' organizations.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-identifier-citationMaster of Arts
University of NairobiDepartment of Political science and public administration