Observations on rinderpest in Kenya, 1986-1989.
Wamwayi, H M
Kariuki, D P
Wafula, J S
Rossiter, P B
Mbuthia, P G
Macharia, S R
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Rinderpest was confirmed in Kenya in 1986, 1987, 1988 and 1989. Three epidemiologically distinct events appear to have occurred: repeated outbreaks in West Pokot district related to cross-border movement of stock, an outbreak in Marsabit district in 1987 (thought to have been caused by illegal movement of cattle, possibly in vehicles, from countries further north) and a series of related outbreaks in and near Nairobi between 1988 and 1989 due to the unauthorized movement from abattoirs and holding grounds of slaughter stock possibly introduced from West Pokot or Marsabit. In West Pokot the disease affected unvaccinated calves and yearlings. In Marsabit cattle of all ages were affected. In August 1988, a major outbreak was confirmed in Kiambu and Kajiado districts in central Kenya, near Nairobi. At the same time a provisional diagnosis of rinderpest was made in a herd of cattle at a slaughterhouse in Nairobi. Rinderpest virus was isolated from sick cattle in all the outbreaks. Experimental infection of susceptible cattle with the Kiambu isolate demonstrated this to be of low virulence. Emergency vaccination and quarantine measures instituted immediately after confirmation eliminated clinical disease within three to four weeks in West Pokot, Kiambu and Nairobi. In Kajiado, however, the disease persisted for at least nine months, during which time a series of virus isolates was recovered. There was no evidence of infection in susceptible wildlife. This increase in the incidence of rinderpest in Kenya in recent years serves to highlight the problems of control and the need for concerted efforts to eradicate the threat of the disease from East Africa.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-identifier-citationWamwayi, H. M(1992). Observations on rinderpest in Kenya, 1986-1989. Revue scientifique et technique; 11(3): 769-84.
Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology, University of Nairobi