Bloodfeeding behavior of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Anopheles funestus in Kilifi District, Kenya.
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Blood meal samples were tested by ELISA for 534 Anopheles gambiae s.l. and 76 Anopheles funestus collected from 25 sites in Kilifi District, Kenya. Human IgG was detected in 94.4% of the An. gambiae s.l. and in 90.8% of the An. funestus. No samples were positive for cow and only a few were positive for goat. Both species fed predominantly on humans irrespective of host availability. At these sites on the Kenyan coast, the high degree of human-feeding by malaria vectors contributes to the efficiency of malaria parasite transmission and the high incidence of severe malaria.
CitationJ Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1993 Jun;9(2):225-7.
University of Nairobi.Department of Zoology