Primary school quality and performance ''the case of Kenya''
Situma, Irene N
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In developing countries low levels of student achievement persist. This study reviews the importance of school quality in increasing level of school performance and thus its influence on economic growth. Improvements are discussed in terms of defining school quality, improving school quality and showing the benefits of primary school education in developing countries. Evidence suggests that low school quality accounts for low literacy levels and achievement in developing nations and that slight progress has occurred in improving school quality especially in the poor areas. Definition of school quality focuses on characteristics that influence primary school performance. Studies are reviewed to observe practices that enhance school quality and thus steps to be taken to increase school quality which in essence will improve performance are identified. The study utilized the production function economic approach in terms of returns of certain inputs. The data has been estimated using OLS and the results reflect that presence of a feeding programme, class size- measured by the ratio of teachers to pupils, school infrastructure and sanitation have a significant effect on the performance of primary school pupils. The study recommends continuous support to the schools by the government, donors or through community projects to facilitate provision of meals (mainly lunch), construction of adequate classrooms, latrines/ toilets and safe drinking water. The study also emphasizes on deployment of more teachers so as to maintain a reasonable teacher pupil ratio.
University of Nairobi, Kenya