Strategic repsonse by the Ministry of Roads to the challenges in the roads sub-sector in Kenya
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Investment in infrastructure development drives economic growth of an economy and construction of roads is key in supporting this growth. Road transport is the predominant mode of transport in Kenya, and therefore considered as a lead factor for economic reconstruction, employment creation, industrialization and wealth creation in the new Millennia. It is a significant sector in the overall national economy by the fact that it caters for over 80% of total national mobility needs, both in urban and rural areas. This study was conducted between 15t August 2010 to 31 5t August 2010. The objective of the study was to establish the strategic responses by the Ministry of Roads to the challenges in the roads sub-sector. This was a case study and data was collected through an interview guide and analysed through content analysis. The results of the study conveyed that the challenges in the Roads sub sector negatively impacted on the Ministry of Roads and its agencies. The challenges include inadequate funding, inefficient operational procedures amongst Ministries with road construction components, unsuitable and cumbersome institutional framework, political influence, poor axle load enforcement, poor staff remuneration, unprotected road reserves, lack of mechanisms for private sector investment in funding of road development and computer technology challenges. The results of study shows various strategic responses the Ministry employed in dealing with the challenges in the Roads sub sector. These include diversification to other sources of funding besides the ex-chequer funds, establishment of a strong institutional framework, privatization of some road components such as weighbridges, protection of road reserves by acquiring their title deeds, training staff especially on geometric design of rural and urban roads using modern computer aided software, involving the private sector in roads construction supervision, maintenance, construction and investment and finally, the enactment of the Roads Act 2007 by parliament.
University of Nairobi, Kenya