Factors affecting implementation of government community strategy by community units in Bondo District of Kenya
Oyugi, Loise P
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The survival and growth of organizations will certainly depend on their ability to conceive competitive strategies and their eventual implementation. All organizations resist change and try to maintain the status quo, sometimes even if it yields unsatisfactory results. To translate planned intervention activities into actions that bring desired organizational outcomes requires incorporating numerous variables: individual behavior, social factors, organizational arrangements, physical settings, and technology. Many organizations have formulated excellent strategies but have not achieved excellent results due to poor strategy implementation and this therefore implies that implementing strategy is challenging and more time consuming than crafting strategy. The objective of the study was to establish the factors affecting community strategy implementation among community units in Bondo District of Kenya. The research design was a survey of Community units based in Bondo district. Data was collected using a questionnaire which consisted of both open and closed ended questions. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and classified, tabulated and summarized using descriptive measures, percentages and frequency distribution tables and graphs. The findings from the study was that some community units do not have mission and vision, strategic plan and those which have strategic plans do not train their employees on strategy implementation. The factors affecting community units strategy implementation was resource allocation, communication, organizational structure, management commitment, change management, some managers were not right to be in some positions for effective implementation of organizations strategies, there was no employee empowerment, motivation and reward being considered critical in the community units in the. implementation success, employees were not encouraged to think together, not all employees were involved in team playing and learning and that the top managers do not create a climate for the organizations and their values influence the direction of the firm. Strategy formulation and implementation process is very vital for the functioning of any organization. Therefore, the management of the community units should come up with the mission, vision and strategic plans for the organizations. An organization should put in place adequate mechanism tackling the challenges facing the community units in the development of the strategies and that for a successful implementation of the same strategies, the organization should be able to identify the challenges that hinder the successful implementation of its strategies come up with appropriate measures to overcome the challenges early enough before they affect the realization of its objectives.
University of Nairobi, Kenya