Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Vaginal lactobacilli, microbial flora, and risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and sexually transmitted disease acquisition
A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine the relationship between vaginal colonization with lactobacilli, bacterial vaginosis (BV), and acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and sexually ...
Female-to-male infectivity of HIV-1 among circumcised and uncircumcised Kenyan men
(University of Nairobi,, 2005)
BACKGROUND: A lack of male circumcision has been associated with increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) acquisition in a number of studies, but questions remain as to whether confounding by behavioral ...
Studies of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mucosal viral shedding and transmission in Kenya.
(University of Nairobi., 1999-05)
If human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccines are to be highly effective, it is essential to understand the virologic factors that contribute to HIV-1 transmission. It is likely that transmission is determined, ...
Rapid Decline in Risk of HIV-l Acquisition After Enrollment in a Vaccine Preparedness Cohort of Kenyan Prostitutes: Implications for the Design of HIV -1 Vaccine Efficacy Trials
Background: In designing HIY-l vaccine efficacy trials, it will be important to accounrfor changes in HIY -1 incidence, especially changes over time and while participating in riskreduction programs. Methods: Data from ...
Primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection: clinical manifestations among women in Mombasa, Kenya
The occurrence of clinical manifestations associated with primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection was evaluated in a prospective cohort study of female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya. Among 103 women ...
Cofactors For The Acquisition Of Hiv-1 Among Heterosexual Men: Prospective Cohort Study Of Trucking Company Workers In Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 1999-04-01)
Objective: To determine the prevalence, incidence, and correlates of HIV-1 infection in a cohort of east African trucking company employees. Methods: HIV-1-seronegative trucking company employees were enrolled in a ...