Passenger’s perception of risk factors in relation to road traffic accidents in Kenya: case study of regular users of public transport in Nairobi county.
Imboga, Jasper O
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The study of passenger’s perceptions on risk factors in relation to road traffic accidents problem was meant to add knowledge on understanding on how to mitigate the occurrence of road traffic accidents and related injuries in Kenya. There was an assessment on the role of risk perception and other risk related factors in road transport which included investigations of individual and situational factors that predicted the occurrence of traffic accidents of Passenger-carrying vehicles and how they can be measured. The study applied both qualitative and quantitative methodologies within a framework of a case study approach. The study targeted 300 respondents selected within Nairobi County after which stratified random sampling was used to ensure results are proportional and representative of the whole, from which simple random sampling was used to make a sample of 100 respondents. The quantitative data were collected from passengers and analyzed by using a statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) while qualitative was by use of focus group and was analyzed using content analysis. The study concluded that the following factors were perceived by passengers to be the major contributors of road accidents which included: not following traffic rules and regulations to the later, drivers are the persons to take full responsibility for the road carnages experienced, there were no safety measures adequate to reduce or alleviate road accidents. Driving under influence of alcohol or other drugs likely to impair the driver’s ability to judge and control the vehicle, most accidents or collisions are a result of over speeding or overloading leading to loss of control, road signs should be clear not to convey unmistakable message to the driver and traffic laws and regulations are necessary. The measures that have been put in place by the central governments to reduce traffic accidents, which include: enforcing laws to be adhered to by both road users and PSVs, ensuring that PSVs have speed governors, safety belts, use of alcohol blows on the drivers and ensuring curfews are put in place for travelling hours are perceived to be not effective or not enforced by the relevant bodies due to corruption. The study recommends that to improve road transport system within Nairobi, there is need to encourage stakeholders’ participation to ensure that their views were put into consideration when the government is drawing of strategic plans and drafting policies necessary to curb road accidents. The study also recommended that roads should be built in a way you can’t overlap to prevent illegal turns on roads. Also those who disobey traffic rules should be arrested and punished and also those who give bribes should be arrested. Safety measures should be put in place such as CCTV, car trackers for all PSVs in order to be monitored centrally
University of Nairobi