|dc.description.abstract||Research and development in the building materials and
construction industry is an essential component of human
settlements development at the,loc~l and national levels
in both developing and developed countries. The development
of an indigenous ~uilding mater~als and cenatruction
industry is still an untapped resource especially in developing
countries, where genuinely 'local firms small or large,are
often in need of assistance. Similarly the necessary supportive
research in building and building materials in these countries
is inadequate and does not provide sufficient input for the
purposes of tpe development of this 'important industry in
developing countries. ' ,
.02. ,Kenya 'is one such developing country in Africa where building
and construction is one of the major sector's of the economy.
Its share of the total Gross Dome,~tic·ProQuct (GDP) in 1976
was 6% and its contribution to capital formation was 4~.
The current five year National Development Plan (1979-83)
outlines the plan objectives regarding this sector including
the roles of the various public and private agencies both in
terms of the ,development of the building industry and the
research and development regarding building materials.
These are further discussed in the following sections of this
•03. Section 2.00 of the paper'presents an overview scenario of
the current status of research in building and building
materials in Kenya. This scenario lists 'existing institutions:
availability ~f indigenous research personnel and training
facilities: sources of fund~i laboratory and field equipment:
collection and dissemination of information: and existing
arrangements for semi-commercial trials and commercial
•04. priority areas for further and neW research in the shortand
long-term are stated in Section 3.00 of the paper.
Existing and planned co-operation programmes in joint research
projects are considered and presented in Section 4.00.
While the last Section 5.00 of the paper bxiefly indicates
the role of related national and international agencies
regarding building and building materials research.
- 2 -
.05. This country paper has been prepared by Mr. T. S. Chana,
Director of the Housing and Development Unit,
University of Nairobi, in collaboration with
,'tJlr?.. E. Kanyqe,. Senior Superintending Ar-crtt tect of the
Ministry of Works and Mr. G. Kariuki, Housing Planner
of the Ministry of Housing and Social Services.||en_US