Factors influencing implementation of one third tender policy among youth entrepreneurs in Homa bay county Kenya
Magwanga, Joseph O
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The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing implementation of one third tender policy in government contracts among the youth entrepreneurs in Homa Bay County. The study was informed by the objectives; to investigate the extent to which access to resources, technical capacity, tender management procedures and access to information influence implementation of one third tender policy in government contracts among the youth entrepreneurs in Homa Bay County. The study was grounded on the basic assumptions that procurement management systems are being adopted by the various government departments, the final selected sample was to be a true reflection of the salient characteristics of the target population; respondents were to give information truthfully and objectively and that the data collection instruments were valid and reliable in taking the expected measures. Moreover, the study was grounded on the Behavioral theories that help project implementers to understand why people behave the way they do. On methodological aspects, descriptive survey research design was be used as the study seeks to offer an insight into factors that influence implementation of one third tender policy in government contracts among the youth entrepreneurs. The study targeted a total of 1221 youth entrepreneurs registered and prequalified to participate in the implementation of different public projects in the county, from where a sample size of 244 respondents was selected using stratified random sampling techniques. Data was collected using questionnaire whose validity and reliability was ascertained to ensure collection of relevant information. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics such as, frequency table and percentages aided by Statistical Packages for Social Scientists (SPSS) and presented using frequency distribution tables. A total of 213 questionnaires were returned making an 87.3% returned rate that was deemed good proper for the study. Study findings established that; influence of government sensitization on tendering was key to enhanced participation in one third tendering and that youths needed capacity building programs on tendering in Homa Bay County to be able to understand government policies and tendering procedures. Access to information spotted in gaps was required provided to enhance youth participation in government tenders. Further, the findings revealed that most young people entrepreneurs fail to participate in government tenders because they lack information. Moreover, the study established that most youth were not well acquainted with procurement language and procedures. It was also established that the Government has not provided adequate access to information on tenders for special groups. Government institutions have not sufficiently enlightened women bidders on procurement systems on a regular basis through training. Nevertheless, the study established that public procurement system was not complex, costly and time consuming to deter youth from participating. The study recommends sensitization among the youths on one third tender policy in government contracts and new strict measures be put in place to ensure that integrity of the tender processing procedures is restored among procurement entities.
University of Nairobi