Development Of A Web Based Spatial Information System For Non-Governmental Organizations In Nairobi County
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When the Non – Governmental Organisations (NGO) sector in Kenya was started there were no quality standards in the sector that would allow distinguishing independent and active NGOs working with human rights and social development issues from those being used as fronts for funding terrorism, money laundering or promotion of regime change/civil unrest through propaganda or otherwise. Over the recent past, Governments across all continents have begun perceiving NGOs as a threat to political, economic and social control over their countries. This shift can be attributed to the kind of foreign policy pursued by former US president George W. Bush through interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan that resulted in regime changes. Currently, the Kenyan government is suspicious of NGOs as it is unable to monitor their source of funding, whether they are active or not and spheres of influence/activities within their areas of operation. The objective of this project was to create a Geodatabase of NGO’s as well as a web based application for querying, interaction, visualisation and submission of reports for analysis of their socio-economic impact. A customised version of the GIS Development Life Cycle by Alesheikh et al (2002) was used as the baseline methodology to develop the Web GIS system. The reason for using this particular model is that it has been tried and tested over time and has been successful in the implementation of Web GIS projects. A fully functioning web portal and a geodatabase of NGOs was to be realised upon completion of this project. This web portal and geodatabase can be used by the government and security officials to query the existence of a particular NGO, area of operation and economic impact from the uploaded reports. It can also be used to monitor the activities of NGOs by ensuring that they only carry out the activities that they were registered to do and in the registered location. In addition, the web portal may also be used by the general citizenry to understand the activities of NGOs, thus promoting trust between them and the people they intend to serve. Apart from enhancing trust, when the citizens are aware of the NGOs based in their localities they will be able to participate in volunteer work and in the identification of genuine NGOs from dubious ones that are being used as fronts for promoting undesirable agenda.
University of Nairobi
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
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