Particle Swarm Optimized Hybrid Kernel-Based Multiclass Support Vector Machine for Microarray Cancer Data Analysis.
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Determining an optimal decision model is an important but difficult combinatorial task in imbalanced microarray-based cancer classification. Though the multiclass support vector machine (MCSVM) has already made an important contribution in this field, its performance solely depends on three aspects: the penalty factor C, the type of kernel, and its parameters. To improve the performance of this classifier in microarray-based cancer analysis, this paper proposes PSO-PCA-LGP-MCSVM model that is based on particle swarm optimization (PSO), principal component analysis (PCA), and multiclass support vector machine (MCSVM). The MCSVM is based on a hybrid kernel, i.e., linear-Gaussian-polynomial (LGP) that combines the advantages of three standard kernels (linear, Gaussian, and polynomial) in a novel manner, where the linear kernel is linearly combined with the Gaussian kernel embedding the polynomial kernel. Further, this paper proves and makes sure that the LGP kernel confirms the features of a valid kernel. In order to reveal the effectiveness of our model, several experiments were conducted and the obtained results compared between our model and other three single kernel-based models, namely, PSO-PCA-L-MCSVM (utilizing a linear kernel), PSO-PCA-G-MCSVM (utilizing a Gaussian kernel), and PSO-PCA-P-MCSVM (utilizing a polynomial kernel). In comparison, two dual and two multiclass imbalanced standard microarray datasets were used. Experimental results in terms of three extended assessment metrics (F-score, G-mean, and Accuracy) reveal the superior global feature extraction, prediction, and learning abilities of this model against three single kernel-based models.
CitationSegera, D., Mbuthia, M., & Nyete, A. (2019). Particle Swarm Optimized Hybrid Kernel-Based Multiclass Support Vector Machine for Microarray Cancer Data Analysis. BioMed Research International, 2019.