Nosocomial infections at Kenyatta National Hospital Intensive-Care Unit in Nairobi, Kenya
Ngumi Zipporah W.
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The objective of this study was to identify the common bacteria isolated from patients, antibiotics used, sensitivity patterns, therapeutic procedures and cleaning protocols practised in Kenyatta National Hospital Intensive-Care Unit (ICU). Kenyatta National Hospital is a 1,800-bed referral and tertiary-care hospital which is also the Teaching University Hospital. The ICU has 20 beds. Two members of staff, a consultant and a senior nurse, did the study. Out of 195 patients admitted to the unit during the study period, 137 (70.3%) received antibiotics. The most frequently prescribed antibiotics included meropenem, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, piperacillin tazobactam, vancomycin, Augmentin and Flagyl. The most common bacteria isolated were Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Klebsiella, Citrobacter, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus pneumoniae, Acinetobactor and Escherichia coli isolated from tracheal aspirate, urine, blood and pus swabs
CitationDermatology. 2006;212 Suppl 1 : 4-7
Department of Surgery, University of Nairobi
- Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS)