Acute hepatic failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury
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Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
CitationKIRTDA, DRACHARYAS. 1986. Joshi YK, Tandon BN, Acharya SK, Babu S, Tandon M.Acute hepatic failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury.Liver. 1986 Dec;6(6):357-60.. Liver.
Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi
- Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS)