Now showing items 1-10 of 129
Single-agent tenofovir versus combination emtricitabine plus tenofovir for pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-1 acquisition: an update of data from a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), with daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in combination with emtricitabine, has been shown to be efficacious ...
Women and ARV-based HIV prevention - challenges and opportunities.
(University of Nairobi, 2014)
ARV-based HIV prevention methods available in pill, gel or ring formulations (broadly referred to as microbicides) offer the possibility of protection against HIV for women who find it difficult because they cannot ask ...
Characteristics of HIV-1 discordant couples enrolled in a trial of HSV-2 suppression to reduce HIV-1 transmission: the partners study
The Partners HSV-2/HIV-1 Transmission Study (Partners Study) is a phase III, placebo-controlled trial of daily acyclovir for genital herpes (HSV-2) suppression among HIV-1/HSV-2 co-infected persons to reduce HIV-1 transmission ...
Effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection upon acute salpingitis: a laparoscopic study.
To determine the effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection upon pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a laparoscopic study of acute PID was conducted in Nairobi, Kenya. Subjects underwent diagnostic ...
Across-sectional survey of prevalence and correlates of couple sexual concurrency among married couples in fishing communities along Lake Victoria in Kisumu, Kenya.
OBJECTIVE: Sexual concurrency has been associated with HIV infection. Since HIV in sub-Saharan Africa is mostly spread within the context of heterosexual couples, it is necessary that intervention is focused on such ...
Integration of family planning services into HIV care and treatment in Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrating family planning services into HIV care is associated with increased use of more effective contraceptive methods (sterilization, intrauterine device, implant, injectable or ...
The relationship between sexual partnerships characteristics and condom use among young female sex workers in Nairobi , Kenya (Manuscript under
(University of Nairobi, 1988)
NO abstract available
Integration of HIV Care with Primary Health Care Services: Effect on Patient Satisfaction and Stigma in Rural Kenya
HIV departments within Kenyan health facilities are usually better staffed and equipped than departments offering non-HIV services. Integration of HIV services into primary care may address this issue of skewed resource ...
A prospective study of frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence among African heterosexual HIV serodiscordant couples.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common worldwide and is an important consideration in couples HIV voluntary counseling and testing (CVCT), especially for HIV-serodiscordant couples (i.e. in which only one member is ...
Infectious correlates of HIV-1 shedding in the female upper and lower genital tracts.
To determine the effects of vaginal, cervical, and endometrial infections on shedding of HIV-1 RNA in the female genital tract. Cross-sectional. Antiretroviral-naive women from Nairobi, Kenya with CD4 cell counts ...