Factors influencing implementation of strategic plans in Nongovernmental organizations: a case of Africa platform of social Protection, Kenya
Gichohi, Daniel W
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Many organizations have embraced strategic planning, but the implementation process remains a challenge resulting in well-formulated strategies that fail to be accomplished at the implementation stage. Strategy implementation skills are not easily mastered, unfortunately. In fact, virtually all managers find implementation the most difficult aspect of their jobs- more difficult than strategy formulation.. The ability to implement strategies is one of the most valuable of all managerial skills (Higgins, 2004). Non Governmental Organizations are not an exception. In fact, implementation of the planned strategies is one of their major challenges towards achieving their objectives. This study departed from the previous studies looking into relationships and endeavored to establish the factors influencing implementation of strategic plans in Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya, with special focus on Africa Platform for Social Protection. Literature on strategic plan implementation has been studied and presented. This includes literature on the strategic plan implementation globally as well as literature on strategic plans implementation at Africa Platform for Social Protection (APSP). Literature on leadership, communication, organization culture and control and their impact on strategic plans implementation have also been presented. A conceptual framework has been presented to show the relationship between the variables of the study The researcher used a descriptive survey research design, with a target population of 72 employees in total. Since the total number of staff at Africa Platform for Social protection (APSP) was not vast (seventy two), the researcher performed a census survey as opposed to sampling. This essentially means that all the 72 members of staff at APSP participated in the study. This greatly enhanced the accuracy and reliability of the results. The tools used for data collection are semi-structured questionnaires. Data was thereafter analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics The study established that the strategic plan was, to a large extent, implemented successfully. The leaders of Africa Platform for Social Protection were committed to the implementation and had the necessary skills and experience. While most of the employees were aware of the existence of the strategic plan, very few knew of its contents basically because sessions for communication of the content and staff roles in the plan implementation were non-existent or were far and in between. However, there was no feedback on implementation of the plan. Policies and performance targets to guide the implementation of the Strategic plan existed. However, performance was not measured against targets and many staff members did not know whether or not plan adjustments had been done based on feedback.
University of Nairobi