|dc.contributor.author||Gathogo, Martin, M||
|dc.description.abstract||Introduction: The superficial location of the eye, its cystic structure, and the introduction of
high-resolution and high frequency ultrasound have made ultrasound ideal for imaging the
eye. Since the introduction of ocular ultrasound in the 1950s, its usefulness has steadily
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of pathologies in patients
referred for ocular ultrasound at KNH.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed at the KNH ophthalmology clinic
ultrasound room. All patients referred for an ocular ultrasound during a four-month study
period (November 2015 – February 2016) were recruited into the study. Diagnostic
ultrasound was performed using a high resolution and high-frequency probe on the affected
eye. A data collection sheet was used to record the ultrasound findings. The data was
thereafter be analysed using the SPSS version 21.0.Statistical significance was calculated at
95% confidence interval. Ocular findings were stratified by sex, age group and affected eye.
Findings were presented in the form of tables, charts and graphs.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated that males were affected more than females while the
right eye was more affected than the left eye. The four most common sonographic diagnoses
were retinoblastoma, vitreous haemorrhage, vitreous detachment and endophthalmitis.
Retinoblastoma was seen significantly in the less than ten age groups while vitreous
haemorrhage and detachment occurred significantly in the 30-45 age groups. Ultrasound was
able to accurately diagnose ocular conditions and contribute to better patient management||en_US
|dc.publisher||University of Nairobi||en_US
|dc.rights||Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States||*
|dc.subject||The Pattern of Pathologies in B-scan Ocular Ultrasound at KNH||en_US
|dc.title||The pattern of pathologies in b-scan ocular ultrasound at KNH.||en_US
Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi, ; bDepartment of Mental Health, School of Medicine,
Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya||