Factors Influencing Women’s Participation In Community-based Entrepreneurship Projects In Nyamira County, Kenya
Moreka, Diana Kerubo
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The purpose of this research study was to establish factors influencing women’s participation in community-based entrepreneurship projects in Nyamira County, Kenya. The specific objectives were to determine the influence of culture on the participation of women in community-based entrepreneurship projects in Nyamira County, to establish the impact of education level on participation of women in community-based entrepreneurship projects in Nyamira County, to determine how training affects the participation of women in community-based development projects in Nyamira County, and to establish the impact of access to capital on women’s participation in community-based entrepreneurship projects in Nyamira County. The study was anchored on Gender and Development Theory, and Resource-Based Theory of Entrepreneurship. This study adopted a descriptive research design to help achieve the objectives of the study. The population consisted of 252 women who were in self-help groups in 5 sub-counties in Nyamira County. The sample size was calculated using Yamane’s sampling formula. The sample size of the study was 155 which was divided into group officials and members and selected using stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques. Primary data was collected through the use of questionnaire and interview schedule. The data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of SPSS software and the result of the analyses were presented in form of tables, pie charts and bar graphs. The study found out that cultural practices such as women’s family obligation and male chauvinism hindered women from participating in entrepreneurship projects. Majority of respondents (65.5%) indicated that cultural practices hindered them from participating in entrepreneurship. It was also found out that there exist education gaps which affect women participation in entrepreneurship projects. Fifty percent (50%) and 37.5% of respondents agreed that women’s education levels affect their participation in business to a very great extent and great extent respectively. Majority of the respondents (86.5%) revealed that they had not received or attained any form of training on entrepreneurship. High level of training was found to have a relationship with greater control of business and entrepreneurship projects while inadequate training affects women involvement in entrepreneurship projects. It was also established that women had limited access to capital and they relied on ‘Chamas’ or family members for their source of income. Ninety five percent (95%) of respondents indicated that they had applied for banks loans but they had been unsuccessful in getting the bank loans. About 47% of the respondents indicated their main sources of business capital are “Chamas” and relatives. The study concludes that culture, level of education, training and access to capital influences women participation in community-based entrepreneurship projects in Nyamira County to a great extent. The study recommends that the government should provide adequate funding to women entrepreneurs to support their businesses. There is also need for increased business training which would impact knowledge and technical skills for them to effectively venture in entrepreneurship projects.
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