An Assessment Of Community Participation In Slum Upgrading
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Kenya‟s development approaches indicate that the country has encompassed development paradigm shifts to echo changes in the global development thinking from technocrat, trickle-down effect strategies of the 1960s and 1970s to more participatory ones in modern times. In spite of these progresses, there is inadequate community participation in the entire process of conception, design implementation and management of public developments. This study sought to assess community participation in slum upgrading, in context of Korogocho slum. The study‟s key objectives included; establishing the existence of a residents‟ committee, its structure and role in slum upgrading, assessing the extent to which Korogocho residents were involved in upgrading their settlement, examining challenges of community participation and proposing strategies that can be adopted to enhance community participation. This was a cross sectional study design that administered 400 questionnaires to households and conduct-ed 2 focus groups with SEC members as well as 4 key informant interviews. The findings revealed that: there exists a settlement executive committee whose main role was to act as an intermediary between donors and beneficiaries, the community participated in the inception, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of the project, the main challenge concerning project awareness by the community stems from the SEC‟s structure and facilitation issues, and there needs to be more awareness campaigns about the project. The study recommends a policy framework outlining the formation, composition and facilitation of settlement execu-tive committees as well as community participation in all phases of a slum upgrading project. The study recommends further research on different levels of community participation and their impact on all phases of a slum upgrading project.
University of Nairobi
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