Factors Influencing Implementation of Reforms in the National Police Service: a Case of Machakos Sub County, Machakos County
Mutunga, Justus K
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The study sought to establish factors that influence the implementation of reforms in the national police service, specifically in Machakos sub county, Machakos County. It sought to determine the way communication structure influence the implementation of those reforms, establish the impact of organization structure on those reforms, determine the way institutional culture influence them and analyze the way human resource support affects implementation of police reforms at the sub-county. The study was significant to the government, National Police Service, police officers, academicians and researchers. A descriptive research design was adopted to conduct the study. The target population consisted of 300 employees from which a sample of 90 respondents was obtained to provide the desired information. Stratified random method was applied whereas data was collected using closed ended questionnaire. The data was analyzed using the SPSS V.22 software and presented using percentages and frequencies. The SPSS program was preferred over others because of its efficiency in analyzing and presenting the data. The data analysis was guided by the correlation models. The study established a positive relationship between communication structure, organization structure, institutional culture and human resource support and implementation of reforms in the national police service. The conclusions of the study are that communication structures have not been more effective thereby effects of these reforms implementation cannot be wholesomely deduced. Secondly, organization structures need to be restructured in accordance with devolved systems and given autonomy on operations and use of resources. Thirdly, institutional culture need to be refined and new values inculcated to officers through efforts such as training on human rights, to enhance good public relation. The findings implies that Communication structure weakly affects the awareness of the intended police reforms. Where r = 0.246*, p <0.000. The findings showed that the influence of organizational structures on the implementation of reforms within police force was weakly correlated. Where r = 0.168*, p <0.000. The p values for the correlation between the organizational structure and implementation of police reforms within Machakos sub-county were both less than the significance level of 0.05 which indicates the correlation coefficient is significant. The finding implies that human resource support towards the implementation of the reforms and it’s extend is weakly negatively correlated as indicated by the correlation figure -0.244 under the significant level of 0.05. Where r = -0.244*, p <0.000. The p values for the correlation between the human resource support and its effect in the implementation of the police reforms are both less than the significance level of 0.05 which indicates the correlation coefficient is significant. Despite the little that had been achieved since reforms started, implementation has improved in terms of responsiveness, accountability and professionalism and continued improvement of the officers working conditions.
University of Nairobi
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
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