Assessing Dynamics Of Cross Border Ethnic Conflicts In Horn Of Africa: A Case Of Turkana-Dassanech Conflict In Kenya-Ethiopia Border.
Mutinda, Jackline K
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Horn of Africa region in 21st century continues to face the challenge of conflict. Some of these conflicts are inter-state and others are intra state but in both cases they continue to evolve and take on new dynamics hence making it more difficult to have clear resolution mechanisms. Ethnic conflicts have especially been very difficult to resolve as they often have deep rooted caused that hibernate in the ethnicity differences. This study focused on Turkana-Dassanech conflict at the border of Kenya and Ethiopia between the two communities living at the border region. Some of the key causes of this conflict include marginalization hence poverty, competition for natural resources, small weapons proliferation, State neglect and culture justifying violence. The study found out that competition for resources among the two communities is the main source of this conflict and poverty alleviation could go a long way in finding a lasting solution to this conflict. The study also found that both communities have been greatly neglected by their governments hence their struggle for survival pushes them to extreme measures such as cattle raiding and violent confrontations. Insecurity as well as border polarity at the Ilemi triangle has made small weapons smuggling easy hence further worsening this particular conflict. Finally the study provides some recommendations that could be adopted to solve this conflict which include cross border disarmament, empowering the communities with education in order to expand their choices and opportunities beyond pastoralism and finally formation of joint conflict resolution committee by both Kenya and Ethiopia states.
University of Nairobi
SubjectConflicts In Horn Of Africa
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
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