mHealth-based peer mentoring for prevention of alcohol and substance abuse among first year university students: protocol for quasi-experimental intervention
Musyoka, Catherine M
Donovan, Dennis M
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Objective: The use of psychoactive substances increases university students’ general morbidity and mortality. Universities run programs to prevent psychoactive substance use since they are associated with the risk of poor academic outcomes. The University of Nairobi (UoN) trains peer mentors who counsel students to prevent substance use. There is, however, inadequate feedback and no evaluation of the effectiveness of this method. This study will pilot mobile health (mHealth) based peer mentoring, evaluate and provide feedback about implementation. It will be based in two campuses of UoN, Nairobi, Kenya. Methods: Three phases study. In the first phase, a baseline survey determines students’ knowledge about, attitudes toward, and prevalence of substance use at baseline and the end of the intervention phase. Second phase, mHealth based intervention using a quasi-experimental design. Participants 100 mentors (50 intervention and 50 control groups). Intervention group using mHealth screens for substance use, provide structured brief intervention and treatment referral. A comparative control group, using a paper-based guide will deliver the same program. Phase three, mentors during focussed group discussions will share their experiences. Results: Data will be collected on implementation, acceptability and substance use patterns. Data analysis using descriptive, inferential statistics and thematic content analysis for qualitative data. Conclusions: The study will provide evidence on the implementation and acceptability of mHealth among university students. This will inform national and regional substance use prevention policy and practice. Abbreviations: ASSIST: Assessment of Smoking and Substance Involvement Test; AUDIT: Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Tool; KAP: Knowledge, Attitude, and Prevalence; mHealth: Mobile Health; RDSDQ: Researcher Designed Socio-Demographic Questionnaire; UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; USA: United States of America; WHO: World Health Organization
CitationMusyoka, C. M., Mbwayo, A., Donovan, D. M., & Mathai, M. (2020). mHealth-based peer mentoring for prevention of alcohol and substance abuse among first year university students: protocol for quasi-experimental intervention. Journal of Substance Use, 1-7.
Taylor & Francis