Gallstone Disease: A Call To Awareness In Subsaharan Africa
Ogeng’o, Julius A.
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Gallstone disease (GSD) is a major global health problem that causes high morbidity and mortality constituting a significant economic burden in developed countries (Shaffer, 2006; Stinton and Shaffer, 2012; Njeze, 2013). It was previously considered rare in sub-Saharan Africa (Stinton and Shaffer, 2012; Njeze, 2013). Its prevalence, however, is steadily rising and has already attained considerable proportions in a number of countries perhaps consequent to epidemiological and demographic transitions (Eze et al., 2016). This condition is important for several reasons – First, it is one of the most common causes of upper gastrointestinal morbidity and may mimic / be associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, hiatal hernia, esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, duodenitis; acute and chronic pancreatitis, hepatitis and portal vein thrombosis among others (Sabitha et al., 2016). Secondly, it is a predisposing / risk factor for overall mortality and other diseases including various gastrointestinal cancers, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; cardiovascular diseases (CVD) especially coronary heart, cerebrovascular, peripheral vascular diseases, arterial stiffness and heart failure (Yu et al., 2017). The risk for CVD is independent of age, gender and other comorbidities (Olaiya et al., 2013). Thirdly, patients with GSD appear to have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus; dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, sedentary life style and gut microbiota dysbiosis (Lv et al., 2015).
CitationOgeng’o JA. "GALLSTONE DISEASE: A CALL TO AWARENESS IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA." Anatomy Journal of Africa. 2017;6(2): 914-915.
University of Nairobi
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
- Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS) 
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