|dc.contributor.author||Omondi, Caroline S A||
|dc.identifier.citation||Masters of Medicine (Diagnostic Radiology)||en
|dc.description.abstract||Tumours and tumour-like conditions of the jawbones have similar clinical presentations
irrespective of the underlying pathology. These tumours even when histologically benign
cause gross disfiguring of the affected patients. Their diagnoses depend both on imaging
features and histology.
The aim of the study was to underline the importance of Radiology in the diagnosis of
tumours and tumour-like conditions of the jawbones; to ascertain the age and sex
distribution, relative frequency and anatomical distribution of these lesions. This study also
evaluated the correlation between the radiological and histopathological diagnoses of these
lesions and compared these findings with studies done elsewhere.
This was a five year retrospective descriptive study from January 2000 to December 2004
undertaken in the two main referral institutions of dental pathology in Kenya; namely
Kenyatta National Hospital, Dental Unit and Dental School Hospital of the University of
Nairobi. It included consecutive patients seen at the two institutions during the period of
study with the relevant clinical diagnosis and complete histopathological and radiological
records. The imaging modality reviewed was the Orthopantomogram. A correlation was
then made between the radiological and histopathological diagnoses and the results
presented with the aid of tables.
A total of 181 cases were recorded over a five year period. Odontogenic tumours were the
most frequent tumours (47.5%). The most prevalent tumour overall was Ameloblastoma
(38.7%) followed by Odontogenic Keratocyst (9.9%). The overall mean age was 28.9 years.
Overall there was no statistically significant gender predominance. The average duration of
illness was 34.7 years. Jaw tumours showed a predilection for the mandible. In at least
82.3% of cases, the radiological and histopathological diagnoses correlated.
There is a high level of correlation between radiological and histopathological diagnoses
which is essential for optimal patient care.||en
|dc.publisher||University of Nairobi||en
|dc.title||Tumours and tumourllike conditions of the jawbones: a radiologic and histologic correlation||en
Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi, ; bDepartment of Mental Health, School of Medicine,
Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya||
|local.publisher||School of Medicine||en