Now showing items 9932-9951 of 10061

    • Vision of Public Service Vehicle (PSV) drivers and road traffic accidents in Nairobi city 

      Karimurio, J; Mwangi, C; Ilako, D (University of NairobiUniversity of Nairobi, College of Health Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology, Kenyatta National Hospital, 2006)
      Objectives: To assess the vision of PSV drivers operating in Nairobi city and to establish whether poor sight is associated with the occurrence of motor vehicle accidents. Design: Cross-sectional study Setting: Nairobi ...
    • VISION2020 “The Right to Sight Global Initiative”, Editorial article 

      Karimurio, J (University of Nairobi,Department of Ophthalmology, 2006)
    • Visual loss and Ocular involvement in adult patients with intracranial neoplasms in Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya 

      Marco, S.; Karimurio, J.; Kariuki, M.; Lubanga, P. (Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University Of Nairobi, 2007)
      Objectives: To determine the prevalence and pattern of ocular manifestations in adults with intracranial neoplasms. Design: Cross sectional hospital based study Settings: Neurosurgical Clinic and Ward of Kenyatta National ...
    • Visual loss with inner retinal dysfunction, after snake bite: two case reports 

      Jalali, S; Padhi, TR; Bansal, R; Sahoo, K; Basu, S; Mathai, A (University of NairobiDepartment of Psychiatry, 2013-10)
      PURPOSE: To report two cases of visual loss following snake bite. METHOD: Retrospective review of medical records including history, examination finding, fundus details and investigation reports (visual field, ...
    • Vitamin A And Risk Of HIV-1 Seroconversion Among Kenyan Men With Genital Ulcers. 

      Macdonald, K S; Malonza, I; Chen, D K; Nagelkerke, N J; Nasio, J M; Ndinya-Achola, JO; Bwayo, JJ; Sitar, D S; Aoki, F Y (University of NairobiSchool of Public Health Centre for HIV Prevention and Research, 2001-03-30)
      Background: Vitamin A is involved in normal immune function and the maintenance of mucosal integrity through complex effects on cellular differentiation. Objective: We sought to determine whether serum vitamin A levels ...
    • Vitamin A content of traditional leafy vegetables consumed by the Luo people of western Kenya 

      Orech, Francis O.; Jensen, S.K.; Friis, H; Estambale, B.A. (University of Nairobi, 2012-01-03)
      Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) causes numerous health problems in developing countries, including the sub-Saharan Africa. VAD is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children, and also affects lactating mothers ...
    • Vitamin A deficiency among Kenyan children as detected by conjunctival impression cytology 

      Munene, RM; Adala, HS; Masinde, MS; Rana, FS (Kenyatta National Hospita, 2003)
      To determine the prevalence of Xerophthalmia among Kenyan children aged four to seven years in high risk using Conjuctival Impression Cytology and transfer. DESIGN: A cross sectional community based study. SETTING: Mathare ...
    • Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya 

      Baeten, JM; McClelland, RS; Richardson, BA; Bankson, DD; Lavreys, L; Wener, MH; Overbaugh, J; Mandaliya, K; Ndinya-Achola, JO; Bwayo, JJ (Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104-2499, USADepartment of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, 2002)
      Among HIV-1-infected individuals, vitamin A deficiency has been associated with faster disease progression and greater infectivity in observational studies, but randomized clinical trials have shown no effect of vitamin A ...
    • Vitamin A Deficiency And The Acute Phase Response Among Hiv-1-infected And -uninfected Women In Kenya 

      Baeten, J M; McClelland, R S; Richardson, B A; Bankson, D .D; Lavreys, L; Wener, M . H; Overbaugh, J; Mandaliya, K; Ndinya-Achola, JO; Bwayo, JJ; Kreiss, J. k (University of NairobiSchool of Medicine, 2002-06-01)
      Among HIV-1-infected individuals, vitamin A deficiency has been associated with faster disease progression and greater infectivity in observational studies, but randomized clinical trials have shown no effect of vitamin A ...
    • Vitamin A supplementation and genital shedding of herpes simplex virus among HIV-1-infected women: a randomized clinical trial. 

      Baeten, JM; McClelland, RS; Corey, L; Overbaugh, J; Lavreys, L; Richardson, BA; Wald, A; Mandaliya, K; Bwayo, JJ; Kreiss, JK; Ndinya-Achola Jeckoniah O. (University of Nairobi,College of Health Sciences,, 2004)
      Cross-sectional analyses have associated vitamin A deficiency with genital shedding of herpes simplex virus (HSV) among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected women. A randomized clinical trial of vitamin A ...
    • Vitamin A Supplementation And Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Shedding In Women: 

      Beaten, J M; Mcclelland, R S; Overbaugh, J; Emery, S; Richardson, B A; Lavreys, L; Mandaliya, K; Bankson, D D; Ndinya-Achola, JO; Bwayo, JJ; Kreiss, J K (University of NairobiSchool of Medicine, 2002)
      { Observational studies have associated vitamin A deficiency with vaginal shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected cells and mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission. To assess the effect of vitamin A ...
    • Vitamin A supplementation and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 shedding in women: results of a randomized clinical trial. 

      Baeten, JM; McClelland, RS; Overbaugh, J; Richardson, BA; Emery, S; Lavreys, L; Mandaliya, K; Bankson, DD; Ndinya-Achola Jeckoniah O.; Bwayo, JJ; Kreiss, JK (Department of Epidemiology, University of WashingtonDepartment of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, 2002)
      Observational studies have associated vitamin A deficiency with vaginal shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected cells and mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission. To assess the effect of vitamin A ...
    • Vitamin B12 deficiency is the primary cause of megaloblastic anaemia in Zimbabwe 

      Savage, D; Gangaidzo, I; Lindenbaum, J; Kiire, C; Mukiibi, JM; Moyo, A; Gwanzura, C; Mudenge, B; Bennie, A; Sitima, J (University of NairobiDepartment of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, 1994-04)
      In a study of the pathogenesis and clinical features of megaloblastic anaemia in southern Africa, we evaluated 144 consecutive Zimbabwean patients with megaloblastic haemopoiesis. Vitamin B12 deficiency was diagnosed in ...
    • Vitamin E-based therapy is effective in ameliorating transaminasemia in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease 

      Madan, K; Batra, Y; Gupta, DS; Chander, B; Anand Rajan, KD; Singh, R; Panda, SK; Acharya, KS (Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, 2005)
      BACKGROUND: Comparative trials of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), vitamin E and weight management programs among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are lacking. AIM: To find an effective single agent or ...
    • Vitreoretinal dirofilariasis 

      Frieling, E; Fritz, E; Schmidt, U; Klauss, V; Schütte, E. (Augenabteilung des Bundeswehrkrankenhauses Ulm., 1990)
      The present paper reports on a 41-year-old patient who complained of moving shadows and impaired vision after vacations in southern Europe and central Africa. On ophthalmoscopic examination the cause was found to be an ...
    • Volatile Components of Heteromorpha trifoliata (Wendl.) Eckl. & Zey. 

      Mwangi, J.W.; Achola, K. J; Lwande, W; Hassanali, A.; Laurent, R. (Department of Pharmacy, University of NairobiThe International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE),, 1994)
      The essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation from Heteromorpha trifoliata (Wendl.) Eckl. & Zey. was analysed by GC and GC-MS. Sixty compounds constituting about 96% of the oil were identified. The major constituents ...
    • Volatile Constituents of Essential Oil of Tarconanthus camphoratus L. 

      Mwangi, Julius W.; Achola, Kohath J.; Lwande, Wilber; Hassanali, Ahmed; Laurent, R. (Department of Pharmacy, University of Nairobi, 1994)
      The leaf oil of Tarconanthus camphoratus (Compositae) was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Sixty compounds representing ca. 95% of the oil were identified. The major components were a-fencyl alcohol (29.1%), 1,8-cineole (16.5%) ...
    • Volatile Constituents Of Ocimum Fischeri Guerke 

      JW, Mwangi; G, Muriuki; AN, Guantai; W, Lwande (University of NairobiDepartment of Pharmaceutics and Pharmacy Practice, 1988)
      ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE
    • Volkmann's Ischaemic Contracture following acute compartment syndrome-a case report 

      Kingori, J; Gakuu, LN (2010)
      Background: Compartment syndrome involving the extremities is one of orthopaedic emergencies. If not well managed it can lead to serious damage to soft tissues rendering the limb non functional. Design: A case report Setting: ...
    • Volunteer motivators for participating in HIV vaccine clinical trials in Nairobi, Kenya 

      Nyaoke, Borna A.; Mutua, Gaudensia N.; Sajabi, Rose; Nyasani, Delvin; Mureithi, Marianne W.; Anzala, Omu A. (University of Nairobi, 2017)
      Background 1.5 million Kenyans are living with HIV/AIDS as per 2015 estimates. Though there is a notable decline in new HIV infections, continued effort is still needed to develop an efficacious, accessible and affordable ...