Now showing items 1-10 of 40
Gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.
(University of Nairobi, 1987)
Retrospective seroepidemiology of AIDS virus infection in Nairobi populations
Among 446 sera from prostitutes in Nairobi, the prevalence of antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) rose from 4% in 1981 to 61% in 1985. None of 118 men with chancroid seen in 1980 had antibody to HIV compared ...
Comparison of Sheffield media with standard media for the isolation of Haemophilus ducreyi
Isolation of Haemophilus ducreyi is the only method for the definitive diagnosis of chancroid. Culture on supplemented gonococcal base (GCHgs) or on supplemented Muller-Hinton agar (MHHb) has yielded the best isolation ...
AIDS in Africa: a public health priority
AIDS and HIV infection are now endemic in many parts of Africa. The infection is mainly transmitted by heterosexual activity, as illustrated by a 1:1 female to male case ratio and high HIV seroprevalence rates in people ...
Epidemiology of ophthalmia neonatorum in Kenya
In a Nairobi hospital where ocular prophylaxis against ophthalmia neonatorum has been discontinued, 1,019 women were screened for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis during labour and 7 and 28 days postpartum. ...
Human immunodeficiency virus infection among men with sexually transmitted diseases. Experience from a center in Africa
Heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) appears to occur readily in Africa but less commonly in North America and Europe. We conducted a case-control study among men attending a clinic for ...
AIDS virus infection in Nairobi prostitutes. Spread of the epidemic to East Africa.
The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is epidemic in Central Africa. To determine the prevalence of AIDS virus infection in East Africa, we studied 90 female prostitutes, 40 men treated at a clinic for sexually ...
Prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in Africa: effectiveness of condom promotion and health education among prostitutes
Condom use was assessed after a programme of education about the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and a condom distribution programme in a well-characterised prostitute population in Nairobi. Women received their education ...
A review of HIV-1 in Africa
As the AIDS epidemic reaches a dramatic stage of development, the time for African countries to establish effective control programs has come. The history of AIDS in Africa is different from that other regions of the world. ...