Now showing items 1-7 of 7
Human Leucocyte Antigen Supertypes And Immune Susceptibility To Hiv-1, Implications
(University of Nairobi, 2001-11-01)
Stabilised antenatal HIV-l seroprevalence in Nairobi, in the face of high population mobility: is age restriction now appropriate in screening?
Abstract Objectives: To measure HIV -1 seroprevalence in pregnant women in Nairobi. Design: Six serial surveys were carried out between November 1991 and April 1997. Methods: Women attending four Nairobi City Council ...
The importance of core groups in the epidemiology and control of HIV-1 infection
In Africa, HIV transmission occurs mainly through heterosexual intercourse. High-frequency transmitter core groups are key to the epidemiology of HIV-1 and STD on the continent. The rapid growth of the HIV-1 epidemic in ...
Rapid progression to disease in African sex workers with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection
From a cohort of female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya, 163 women were observed to seroconvert to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and followed to study progression to HIV-1-related disease. The effect of several ...
Stable antenatal HIV-1 seroprevalence with high population mobility and marked seroprevalence variation among sentinel sites within Nairobi, Kenya.
Objectives: To monitor and analyse trends in HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal women in Nairobi, Kenya. Design: Six sequential surveys were carried out among antenatal clinic attenders at four Nairobi City Council ...
Trends in HIV -1 Incidence in a Cohort of Prostitutes in Kenya: Implications for HIV -1 Vaccine Efficacy Trials
Background: Accurate predictions of HIV-I incidence in potential study populations are essential for designing HIV-I vaccine efficacy trials. Lillie information is available on the estimated incidence of HIV-I in such ...
Evaluation of a low- dose nonoxynol-9 gel for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases: a randomised clinical trial, Sex Transm Dis 2001
(University of Nairobi, 2001)
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal and ...